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Pulling a sickie can now seriously backfire on the employee

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Pulling a sickie can now seriously backfire on the employee

Metroline West Ltd v Ajaj


The Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) have found that an employee who ‘pulls a sickie’ is in fundamental breach of contract and is therefore liable to be dismissed for their dishonesty


This decision will certainly please employers who will welcome it with open arms. Employees are also now in no doubt about the potential consequences of pretending to be ill when they are not.




Mr Ajaj was a bus driver for Metroline. He suffered an injury at work, following which Occupational Health deemed him not to be fit for work for a significant period of time. However, Metroline had concerns about whether Mr Ajaj’s injuries, and their impact on his health and mobility, were genuine. As a result Metroline placed Mr Ajaj under covert surveillance and upon reviewing the footage, Metroline believed that there was an inconsistency in the reporting of Mr Ajaj’s injuries. 


Metroline then invited Mr Ajaj to a disciplinary hearing, following which he was dismissed on the grounds that he had made a false claim for sick pay, had misrepresented his ability to attend work and had made a false claim of an injury at work.


However, when Mr Ajaj brought a claim of unfair dismissal, his claim was upheld by the Employment Tribunal, the Judge finding that the employer could have had no reasonable belief in the allegations and had failed to conduct as much investigation as was reasonable.


The Judge also found that a reasonable employer would have considered Mr Ajaj’s medical position and decided whether to continue his employment against an assessment of capability. 


The Employment Appeal Tribunal overturned the Tribunal’s finding, deciding that the Tribunal had substituted its own view for that of Metroline, and that the dismissal was therefore fair in the circumstances. It found that Metroline did have a genuine and reasonable belief, based on reasonable investigation, that Mr Ajaj had attempted to commit fraud or at least to misrepresent and exaggerate his symptoms.


The Employment Appeal Tribunal concluded:


"An employee [who] 'pulls a sickie' is representing that he is unable to attend work by reason of sickness. If that person is not sick, that seems to me to amount to dishonesty and to a fundamental breach of the trust and confidence that is at the heart of the employer/employee relationship."




It’s pretty common for employers to be concerned and or suspicious about the genuineness of an employee’s absence, especially when things can now be seen indicating that it may not be genuine e.g. social media posts etc. This case at least gives the green light on how to treat and manage the problem.

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